Nur wenige Monate vor seinem Tod 1999 rief er eine erste nationale Kommission ins Leben, die sich mit dieser Frage befasste. Hours after the death of his father on July 23, 1999, Muḥammad took the throne as Muḥammad VI. [citation needed] Rule Edit File:Maroc, 50 Dirhams à l'effigie du roi Hassan II et 1399 anniversaire de la Marche Verte.jpg. The first, in 1971, was coup d'état attempt allegedly supported by Libya, organized by General Mohamed Medbouh and Colonel M'hamed Ababou and carried out by cadets during a function at the King's summer palace in Rabat during his forty-second birthday party. Hassan was born in the royal palace at Rabat, Morocco in 1929, and he studied law in Bordeaux and was soon active at his father's court. During his reign, Morocco recovered the Spanish-controlled area of Ifni in 1969, and military seized two thirds of Spanish Sahara through the "Green March" in 1975. Hassan was born in the royal palace at Rabat, Morocco in 1929, and he studied law in Bordeaux and was soon active at his father's court. He holds a doctorate in international politics and serves Morocco as a diplomat. The BBC's correspondent in Rabat, Nick Pelham, says the enthronement of Mohamed VI, less than three hours after the announcement of the death of his father, emphasises the desire in Morocco to ensure a smooth and swift succession. Worked With Father To Buttress Monarchy Moulay Hassan ben Mohammed Alaoui was born on July 9, 1929, the oldest of six children of Sultan Sidi Mohammed ben Youssef. Relations with Algeria have deteriorated sharply due to the Western Sahara affair, as well as due to Moroccan claims on Algerian territory (Tindouf and Bechar), which unleashed the brief 1963 Sand War. Jump to navigation Jump to search Hassan II King of Morocco from 1961 until his death in 1999. Unlike the others, it is recent. The Hassan II Mosque was built in just 6 years by King Hassan II the father of the current king of Morocco with around 10000 craftsmen working at one given time. Morocco celebrates Independence Day on Wednesday, November 18, the 65th anniversary of King Mohammed V's iconic independence speech. He was buried in the Mausoleum of Mohammed V in Rabat. Mohammed V was widely credited with having saved Morocco's Jews from deportation during World War II, and Hassan continued the philo-Semitic policies of his father. The Moroccan monarch was in power from 1961 until his death in 1999. The father of Hassan II was Mohammed V of Morocco and his mother was Lalla Abla bint Tahar. Biography. She gave birth to five children: the future King Hassan II, Lalla Aicha, Lalla Malika, Moulay Abdallah and Lalla Nuzha. Hassan II of Morocco (9 July 1929-23 July 1999) was King of Morocco from 26 February 1961 to 23 July 1999, succeeding Mohammed V and preceding Mohammed VI.. Formerly crown prince Moulay Hassan ben Mohammed Alaoui, he ascended the throne on the death (1961) of his father, Muhammad V. A graduate of the Univ. King Hassan II died on July 23, 1999, or the ninth of Rabii II, 1420 AH, in Rabat. Although the prince did not seek to press charges, on 23 February, Fouad Mourtada was sentenced to three years in jail and fined 10,000 dirhams (~1,350 USD). The coffin of King Hassan II, carried by King Mohamed VI, his brother Prince Moulay Rachid and his cousin Moulay Hicham, was covered with a green fabric, in which the first prayer of Islam, "There is no god but Allah", is inscribed in golden letters.[8]. He had five sisters and one brother: Lalla Fatima Zohra, born on 29 June 1929 in Rabat, died on 10 August 2014 in Cabo Negro (from the first marriage of Mohammed V of Morocco). ~ King Hassan II [reign 1961 to 1999] Like most of Morocco’s other architectural treasures, the Hassan II Mosque is also aimed at royal posterity. His family was exiled in 1953 by French authorities. King Hassan II had five children with his wife Lalla Latifa Hammou, a member of the Zayane tribe, whom he married in 1961: Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema King Hassan Ii Of Morocco sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Son of Hassan II, the king of Morocco “Mohammed VI” acquired the throne in 1999 and since then has done made all possible efforts to diminish the brutal rule of his father. Hassan II (hä`sän), 1929–99, king of Morocco (1961–99). Mohammed V was widely credited with having saved Morocco's Jews from deportation during World War II, and Hassan continued the philo-Semitic policies of his father. Prince Moulay Rachid is the second son and fifth child of King Hassan II and his wife, Lalla Latifa Hammou. He belongs to the Alaouite dynasty and ascended to the throne on 23 July 1999 upon the death of his father, King Hassan II. King Mohammed VI and his brother Prince Moulay Rachid visited the Mausoleum of Mohammed V in Rabat on Wednesday to pay tribute to their late father King Hassan II. He earned a law degree from the University of Bordeaux. In the Cold War era, Hassan II allied Morocco with the West generally, and with the United States in particular. By far the strangest occurred in the middle of his forty-second birthday party. King Hassan was educated at the Imperial College at Rabat, and earned a law degree from the University of Bordeaux. Eight people were killed when the jets strafed the awaiting reception dignitaries. majoring in economic and social law. Hassan was proclaimed Crown Prince on 19 July 1957, and became King on 26 February 1961, after his father's death. He was brought up on Arab-Islamic values and was told the importance of the principles of universal civilization. [citation needed] He set up a Royal Council for Human Rights to look into allegations of abuse by the State. selbst hatte Mitte der 1990er aufgrund des innen- und außenpolitischen Drucks eine Abkehr von der auf gnadenloser Repression beruhenden Politik veranlasst. [5] On 23 June 2016 their first child, a son, Moulay Ahmed was born. The tour guide was extremely happy to give details to the group, occasionally making funny jokes. A US report observed that "Hassan appears obsessed with the preservation of his power rather than with its application toward the resolution of Morocco's multiplying domestic problems."[2]. King Hassan was educated at the Imperial College at Rabat, and earned a law degree from the University of Bordeaux. Although Morocco gained its independence on March 2, the North African country commemorates the anniversary of independence on November 18 instead, at the request of late King Hassan II. Abou El Hassan District, Algeria; Hassan Tower, the minaret of an incomplete mosque in Rabat, Morocco In the unrest of the same year, he led army contingents battling rebels in the mountains of the Rif. The father of Hassan II was Mohammed V of Morocco, his mother was Lalla Abla bint Tahar. For the Maldivian sultan, see, Articles with dead external links from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, File:Maroc, 50 Dirhams à l'effigie du roi Hassan II et 1399 anniversaire de la Marche Verte.jpg, http://www.abc.net.au/foreign/stories/s340307.htm, http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,,515405,00.html, "Laughter, freedom and religion in Morocco", http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/6256131.stm, http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9403363/Morocco, https://archive.is/20130125031459/www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-18135759.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Hassan_II_of_Morocco?oldid=4767806. The father of Hassan II was Mohammed V of Morocco, his mother was Lalla Abla bint Tahar. Upon King Hassan II’s death after ruling Morocco for 38 years, many Moroccans felt that they had lost a father. On 21 June 1996, the Prince successfully completed the written and oral tests for his postgraduate education and received a postgraduate Degree in International Relations. He died on July 23, 1999 in Rabat. In this lesson, students explore the accomplishments of King Hassan II of Morocco and those of the new leader of the country, King Mohammed VI, who was crowned Morocco’s monarch following his father’s death on July 23, 1999. The constitution gave the King large powers he eventually used to strengthen his rule, which provoked strong political protest from the UNFP and the Istiqlal parties that formed the backbone of the opposition. In fact, it is just 25 years old. Mohammed V and his family returned from exile on 16 November 1955. - Inauguration of the Macro-American council office of commerce and investments (New York, December 10th, 1996). [Laughter] As a matter of fact, my mother is a walking chamber of commerce for Morocco. Prince Moulay Rachid has one older brother, King Mohammed VI, and three sisters, Princess Lalla Meryem, Princess Lalla Asma and Princess Lalla Hasna. King Hassan II of Morocco , with his son Crown Prince Sidi Mohammed , at a military parade to celebrate Moroccan independence, Morocco, 18th November 1967. When i visited Casa, it was my last day in Morocco, i left Casa and Hassan II. This was made possible due to the presence in Israel of a large Moroccan Jewish community. Alternative Title: Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf Hassan II, original name Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf, (born July 9, 1929, Rabat, Mor.—died July 23, 1999, Rabat), king of Morocco from 1961 to 1999. King Hassan II of Morocco was born on July 9, 1929, at the Royal Palace in Rabat, then in the French Protectorate of Morocco. From an early age, Hassan II distinguished himself with an intelligence and insight that enabled him to take part in power alongside his father and take important decisions, from the period of the French Protectorate to Morocco’s accession to independence, thus arousing the respect and admiration of the settlers who found in him a strong successor to his father and a King unlike any other. With Hillary Clintonand king Mohammed VIof Morocco in the news, I recalled my March 23, 1995 meeting with his father—King Hassan II at a reception hosted on behalf of … On 29 June 1995, the Prince completed his graduate studies and received a Master of Law (LL.M.) Hassan had four younger siblings: In 1999, a few analysts like Nicolas Beau and Catherine Graciet argued that Moulay Rachid might be better suited for the job of the king than his brother. After studying law at Bordeaux University Hassan returned to Morocco, where his father invested him as Crown Prince and appointed him commander of the Royal Armed Forces in 1957. In 1953 he and his father … King Hassan II had five sisters and one brother: a.^ Succeeded to throne as HM King Mohammed VI upon the death of his father, 1999. And I thought she was the greatest supporter of Morocco that I knew, until I sat next to Mrs. Billy Casper. The Hassan II Golf Trophy is a golf tournament in Morocco hosted by Prince Moulay Rachid.The tournament was founded by, and is now named for, his father, Hassan II, who served as King of Morocco.The tournament was originally staged as an invitational pro-am and attended by only a handful of top professionals. The Bosnia question was the subject of his research and the thesis that the Prince presented and supported publicly. Hassan II, original name Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf, (born July 9, 1929, Rabat, Mor.—died July 23, 1999, Rabat), king of Morocco from 1961 to 1999. Leaked diplomatic cables from WikiLeaks have alleged extensive corruption in the court of King Mohammed VI, implicating the king and his closest advisors. Hassan II (hä`sän), 1929–99, king of Morocco (1961–99).Formerly crown prince Moulay Hassan ben Mohammed Alaoui, he ascended the throne on the death (1961) of his father, Muhammad V Muhammad V (Sidi Muhammad ibn Youssef), 1910–61, king of Morocco (1957–61). King Hassan II (Arabic language: الحسن الثاني‎, MSA: (a)l-ḥasan aṯ-ṯānī, Darija: el-ḥasan ett(s)âni); 9 July 1929 – 23 July 1999) was King of Morocco from 1961 until his death in 1999. Safaa Kasraoui - Jul 23, 2019 . Hassan's rule is contraversial: he is known for his poor human rights record and for suspending the constitution in 1965. Hebecame King on 26 February 1961, after his father, King Mohammed V, died. Rabat – Today’s date, July 23, marks the death of King Hassan II. The Arab world’s longest-ruling monarch at the time of his death, King Hassan II survived several coup attempts during his reign. The visit to the mosque costs 12 Euro per person and 6 Euro for students and lasts approximately 1 hour. Au Maroc, le 7 septembre 1992, devant des hommes non identifiés, le roi HASSAN II DU MAROC en veste verte, s'apprête à voter pour... Erstklassige Nachrichtenbilder in hoher Auflösung bei Getty Images [5] Hassan served as a back channel between the Arab world and Israel, facilitating early negotiations between them. King Hassan II had five sisters and one brother: Lalla Fatima Zahra, born June 29, 1929, (from the first marriage of Mohammed V of Morocco) Lalla Aicha, born June 17, 1930 in Rabat (from the second marriage of Mohammed V, with Lalla Abla) Mohammed V changed the title of the Moroccan sovereign from Sultan to King in 1957. Hassan, 17th in an Alawite dynasty stretching back 400 years, was the Arab world's longest-ruling monarch, having succeeded his father, Mohammed V, in March 1961. [citation needed], Hassan's conservative rule, one characterized by a poor human rights record,[1] strengthened the Alaouite dynasty[citation needed]. The sultan's 14-year-old son and future king of Morocco, Hassan II, also attended and later stated that Roosevelt said, "Ten years from now your country will be independent." of Bordeaux, Hassan became chief of staff of the Moroccan army in 1957. He was exiled to Corsica by French authorities on 20 August 1953, together with his father Sultan Mohammed V. They were transferred to Madagascar in January 1954. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. [1], On 5 February 2008, Fouad Mourtada was arrested on suspicion of stealing the identity of Moulay Rachid by creating a fake profile on Facebook as a joke. 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