[78], In March 1927, Mao appeared at the Third Plenum of the KMT Central Executive Committee in Wuhan, which sought to strip General Chiang of his power by appointing Wang Jingwei leader. Outnumbered, Mao responded with guerrilla tactics influenced by the works of ancient military strategists like Sun Tzu, but Zhou and the new leadership followed a policy of open confrontation and conventional warfare. The Communist Party delayed the announcement of his death until 16:00, when a national radio broadcast announced the news and appealed for party unity. [47] Mao's time in Beijing ended in the spring of 1919, when he travelled to Shanghai with friends who were preparing to leave for France. [183][256] In The Black Book of Communism, Jean Louis Margolin writes that "Mao Zedong was so powerful that he was often known as the Red Emperor ... the violence he erected into a whole system far exceeds any national tradition of violence that we might find in China. Officials in Moscow desired greater control over the CPC and removed Li from power by calling him to Russia for an inquest into his errors. The Sino-Soviet split resulted in Nikita Khrushchev's withdrawal of all Soviet technical experts and aid from the country. The most direct of these was Minister of Defence and Korean War veteran General Peng Dehuai. [145] He came to believe that the Red Army alone was unable to defeat the Japanese, and that a Communist-led "government of national defence" should be formed with the KMT and other "bourgeois nationalist" elements to achieve this goal. He is famous from his real name: Mao Zedong Height: 5'9''(in feet & inches) 1.7526(m) 175.26(cm) , Birthdate(Birthday): December 26, 1983 , Age on September 9, 1976 (Death date): N/A Profession: Business Executives (Chairman), Father: Mao Yichang, Mother: Wen Qimei, Religion: Buddhist, School: First High School of Changsha, College: Hunan First Normal University, Married: Yes, Children: Yes [33] He joined the Society for the Study of Wang Fuzhi (Chuan-shan Hsüeh-she), a revolutionary group founded by Changsha literati who wished to emulate the philosopher Wang Fuzhi. Mao also launched a phase of rapid collectivization. When the enemy retreats, we advance. [166] He defended these killings as necessary for the securing of power. These factors led to the catastrophic death of about 52 million citizens. His health had declined in his last years, probably aggravated by his heavy chain-smoking. [322] The main repository of his pre-1949 writings is the Selected Works of Mao Zedong, published in four volumes by the People's Publishing House since 1951. He was the first living Air Force enlisted man to receive the award, the nation’s second highest award for bravery in action. [250] Mao's body was later permanently interred in the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong in Beijing. Thomas Bernstein of Columbia University argues that this quotation is taken out of context, claiming: The Chinese original, however, is not quite as shocking. In December 2013, a poll from the state-run Global Times indicated that roughly 85% of the 1045 respondents surveyed felt Mao's achievements outweighed his mistakes. [310] His grandson Mao Xinyu is a general in the Chinese army. [34], In his first school year, Mao befriended an older student, Xiao Zisheng; together they went on a walking tour of Hunan, begging and writing literary couplets to obtain food. In 1962, having lost millions of people in his province, Li Jingquan compared the Great Leap Forward to the Long March in which only one in ten had made it to the end: 'We are not weak, we are stronger, we have kept the backbone. He found that the peasantry were increasingly restless and some had seized land from wealthy landowners to found communes. Each of these regimes witnessed deliberately ordered mass 'cleansing' and extermination. In January 1958, Mao launched the second Five-Year Plan, known as the Great Leap Forward, a plan intended to turn China from an agrarian nation to an industrialized one[187] and as an alternative model for economic growth to the Soviet model focusing on heavy industry that was advocated by others in the party. Authors such as Jung Chang have alleged that the Hundred Flowers Campaign was merely a ruse to root out "dangerous" thinking. Mao's troops fended the KMT off for 25 days while he left the camp at night to find reinforcements. 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