COPYRIGHT © 2014 GiraffeFacts.org. Savannas are mostly found in deserts and the tropical rain forests, which are wet enough to grow a smattering of trees together with the shrubs, but extremely dry for woodlands. Many wild giraffes populate Kenya and Tanzania. Giraffes live in only one continent- Africa. Giraffes run wild in the grasslands of the open planes of Sub-Saharan Africa. Where do giraffes live? This gives it an advantage during times of food scarcity and drought when the only sustenance is up high on trees. Unlike the Sahara, a desert without any rainfall, the African savanna experiences a humid wet season between May and November. Stay with us at AnimalWised and discover all about their habitat and distribution. All four species of giraffe were studied using both ground and aerial surveys. They enjoy roaming through both dense forests and open plains. Masai giraffes live in the Serengeti while the Nigerian giraffe is found in Western Africa. Habitat and Distribution, Is it Legal to Own a Wolf-Dog? If you have traveled to Africa one of the most iconic safari images you will see is the silhouette of a giraffe feeding on an Acacia tree. They are found between the countries of Chad (which is in Central Africa) and South Africa. A giraffe's neck alone is 6 feet (1.8 meters) long and weighs about 600 lbs. Giraffes live in sub-Saharan Africa, south of the Sahara Desert, from Niger all the way to Zimbabwe and Botswana. Giraffes thrive in areas where the temperature is high. The African savanna is a rolling grassland that has high temperatures throughout the year. In particular, they seek out acacia trees. One of the biggest threats for the giraffe is the rinderpest, also called the cattle plague. Temperatures during the dry season range from about 68 degrees to 78 degrees and during the wet season, temperatures increase to between 78 degrees and 88 degrees. Species and subspecies have similar habitats that include savannas, grasslands, and open forests. Herds once comprised 100 animals; now, they range from 2-10. Giraffes can inhabit savannas, grasslands or open woodlands. However, it is commonly assumed that giraffes live in dense forests because they must be feeding on tree leaves high up. Giraffes eat about 100 lbs of greens every day. The giraffe is adapted to its habitat by being able to reach high food with its long neck and tall body. During the dry months, the temperature is around 70º F (21º C) to around 85º F (29.5º C) in the wet season. As well as being the tallest animal on earth, giraffe are a keystone species and play an important role in the environment where they live. Giraffes live in savannas, grasslands, and open woodland. Giraffes use their 21-inch long tongues to wrap around the leaves, pulling them from the tree. Masai giraffes can run to speeds of 35 miles per hour. It is a genus of shrubs and trees which giraffes feed on, and which forms part of their staple diet. The climate is, therefore, a blend of both – too dry for woodlands but wet enough to sustain vegetation. They prefer arid land and can be found on open plains and in dense forests. The Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GCF) has estimated that 80,000 giraffes exist in the wild, which is half the numbers in 1999 when the IUCN estimated their population to be over 140,000. They are adapted to the dry African climate and can go for several days without any water. The world's tallest animal is falling short in numbers! Populations remain stable in east and southern Africa, but have fallen drastically in west Africa. Giraffes are native to Africa, and are found between Chad and South Africa. (680 kg), while males grow up to 18 feet (5.5 m) tall and weigh up to 3,000 lbs. The number of herds may vary, some individuals may leave, and others may come. Riparian forests (those growing along watercourses) are especially important to giraffes living in arid areas. Click to attach a photo related to your comment, Where Do Giraffes Live? A giraffe reaches up high for a snack. If at all, you can find them in the areas covered by Acacia, a kind of spiny tree or shrub, on which they feast. Has the distribution of giraffes changed? The acacia leaves provide most of the giraffe’s food. Even there, the local giraffe - the West African or Niger giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta) is classified as endangered by the IUCN in Western Africa. Giraffes fall under even toed ungulate mammals of African origin. Many wild giraffes populate Kenya and Tanzania. Because a giraffe's coat is likened to leaves on a tree, it can move relatively hidden an… They prefer to feed on tender leaves and some buds but will also eat flowers and other fruits in season. The natural habitat for giraffes used to be distributed throughout North and West Africa, including the Sahara, and along the Nile. Using prehensile tongues almost half a metre long, they are able to browse foliage almost six metres from the ground. The African savanna is just like arid Colorado, at least in dry season. The home range for the giraffes is therefore decreasing. But another fascinating fact is that they sleep less than 2 hours in a day! In the family, giraffes also distinguish sub-species that inhabit different African countries. Poaching, human growth and development, urban encroachment and loss of habitat to degradation are the reasons behind the loss of the giraffe's habitat. Until the middle of the 20th century, giraffes were commonly found in West Africa, to the south of the Sahara. The results of the work show a 5.6% decline in the range area of all giraffe as compared to the 2016 IUCN Red List assessment map of giraffe ranges. See more ideas about Giraffe, Animals beautiful, Animals wild. The availability of water is crucial for their survival, but they can look for it for weeks without becoming dehydrated. Habitat and Distribution, we recommend you visit our Facts about the animal kingdom category. However, due to extreme population decrease, they now inhabit only a small part of Niger. Giraffes do inhabit certain forests, but only those that have a lot of open space. Where do giraffes live, then? The African savanna is like arid Colorado in the dry season; giraffes can go without water for a while, but trees need hydration to survive. Where do Giraffes live? Their geographical range spans from Chad in north to South Africa in south. The largest populations of giraffes are currently found in Tanzania and surrounding areas. The herds have females, offspring, young, and some males. Their long tongues are helpful in eating because they help pull leaves from the trees. The giraffe (Giraffa) is an African artiodactyl mammal, the tallest living terrestrial animal and the largest ruminant. Seven other species are extinct, prehistoric species known from fossils. All rights reserved. They consume large quantities of leaves, twigs, sprouts, flowers, fruits and bark. The African savanna is basically composed of rolling grasslands that stay warm throughout the year. This is because those areas are rich in acacia growth. The bulk of giraffes live in South and East Africa. Giraffe Habitat and Distribution. Another adaptation of the giraffe is its eyesight. Giraffes are the tallest living animals in the world, according to the Smithsonian National Zoological Park. savanna, sahel, and dry open woodland, especially those regions with an abundance of acacia, a small thorny tree, which is one of the giraffe’s favorite foods.Giraffes also enjoy the leaves of mimosas and apricots. They live in savannas, grassland or open woodland. These animals are found between Chad in Central Africa and South Africa. They have adapted to a variety of habitats and can be found in desert landscapes to woodland and savanna environments south of the Sahara, wherever trees occur. You will find Giraffes on the plains of the Serengeti and Masai Mara in Kenya and Tanzania, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia ,and … However, the existence of up to eight extant giraffe species has been described, based upon research into the mitochondrial and nuclear DNA, as well as morphological measurements of Giraffa. Thus from Central to South of Africa, giraffes are commonly located. The giraffes' height and excellent vision give them a wide view of the grasslands where they live, making it easy to spot predators from a distance. What is the Habitat of the Eurasian Wolf. Giraffes have good eyesight, which allows them to see their kinsmen or danger for a distance of 1 kilometer. Giraffes are social animals that live in unstable herds of 10 to 20 individuals, although they can be up to 50 members. During a dry season, they may eat hearty evergreens next to rivers and streams. Are you wondering where do giraffes live exactly? Wild grassland plains, woodlands and the savanna are the most common habitats for giraffes in those countries. The result of this is that their natural habitat will shrink further due to humans making roads and clearings. The giraffe is native to many African countries, including Kenya, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Uganda, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania, Angola, and South Africa. (272 kilograms). With such a massive body, it makes sense that t… Giraffes live on only one continent - Africa. Find out Everything about this Hybrid, Differences Between Deer, Elk, Moose and Reindeer, The 10 Most Solitary Animals in the World. “Today, two types of giraffe are listed as Critically Endangered, while another two types are listed as Endangered. Areas of the habitat for giraffes overlap with that of humans. They are widely found in open woodlands, savannas or grasslands. The ecosystem in which giraffes can be found is the savanna. This virus affects bovids like cattle and buffaloes, but also giraffes; entire herds have been wiped out by it. Enjoying wide spaces that allow them to see at a large distance, giraffes graze for food in a gradual way, although they can also move quickly if they require. Giraffes move around rivers and waterholes in the summer season when it is dry. Herds are becoming smaller in number too. The largest concentration is in central eastern Africa. Giraffes existed throughout Africa once. Herbivores, giraffes only eat plants. All giraffes are herbivores. Giraffe habitat consists mainly of. The rain allows trees and other plants to grow and give nutrition to the wild giraffe. (1,360 kg). As habitat destruction has occurred, the population of giraffe in this area has become fragmented and the different giraffe species have become vulnerable. Treeless grasslands with low vegetation are not ideal for giraffes because it’s hard for them to reach down far enough to eat off the ground. They live wherever acacia trees are in abundance, and spend much of their time feasting on the leaves of this tree. Giraffes live in an ecosystem called the savanna. Giraffes can go for long periods without any water, but they still require plant-based nutrition for survival. Habitat and Distribution, Where do Leopards Live? In Namibia and South Africa, which have some of the largest populations of giraffe, there is another challenge: most giraffes live outside protected areas on private land, from where getting an accurate count is especially hard. Giraffes are active during the night and cooler times, and they rest during the hot day. Where Do Giraffes Live ? Excessive poaching, hunting and climate change has also caused changes in the distribution and number of giraffes in historical time, not only recent habitat destruction. The animal's legs are also 6 feet long.Females grow up to 14 feet (4.3 m) tall and weigh up to 1,500 lbs. As we pointed out above, giraffes live in Sub-Saharan Africa from Niger to Zimbabwe and Botswana. Giraffes live in sub-Saharan Africa, south of the Sahara Desert, from Niger all the way to Zimbabwe and Botswana. They also survive in woodlands and savannas, but in general these animals will move to areas which are plentiful in food. The present situation is such that parts of western and southern Africa are home to the largest numbers of giraffes. Savannas are midway between tropical rain forests and deserts. According to GCF data, globally there are less than 80,000 giraffes remaining, essentially halved from the figures in 1999 when the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimated their numbers to stand … - Habitat and Distribution. Giraffes are mostly found in East Africa and Southwestern Africa, especially Angola and Zambia. Giraffes are native to Africa. Adult giraffes have about 27-i… Giraffes are a common sight in grasslands and open woodlands in East Africa, where they can be seen in reserves such as Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park and Kenya’s Amboseli National Park. There are such groups of relatives and lonely giraffes taken in the herd. Savannas are tropical or subtropical grasslands, which are open ranges that offer a variety of grasses and bushes for easy reach, and woodlands, which are areas more dense in trees and provide food when grass is limited. May 8, 2018 - Explore taco's board "Giraffe Facts and Fun", followed by 414 people on Pinterest. The largest concentration is in central-east Africa, mostly Tanzania and Kenya. Giraffes live primarily in savanna areas in the sub-Saharan region of Africa. Their extreme height allows them to eat leaves and shoots located much higher than other animals can reach. Where do giraffes live? Habitat and Distribution, the different giraffe species have become vulnerable, Where Do Kiwis Live? Until the middle of the 20th century, giraffes were commonly found in … The habitat of giraffes is mostly depended on the topography. The tall giraffe uses their own elongated neck and tongue to get to the top of African trees. While that may seem a vast range for a single species, the fact is that today, they are only found in small pockets in this ‘vast’ area. Before World War I, West African giraffes lived throughout the Sahel and Savanna regions of West Africa. Giraffes live on the savannas in Africa and are usually found near tall trees where they feed on leaves, especially from the acacia tree. With a hot, humid and wet season from May to November with fifteen to twenty-five inches of rain per month, the African savanna provides nutrition to wild herds of giraffes and more. Giraffes are native to Africa, especially the sub-Saharan regions. Treeless grasslands with less flora are not suited as a habitat for the giraffe. Each giraffe is individual, like a fingerprint from a person. Giraffes prefer areas enriched with acacia growth (a genus of shrubs and trees). Until the middle of the 20th century giraffes were also commonly found in West Africa, south of the Sahara. Nowadays it occurs in the wild in specific, fragmented regions of the continent from Mali to northern South Africa. Giraffes are extremely tall, so they need a lot of room to maneuver. Seneca Park Zoo is home to three Masai giraffes, two females Iggy and Kipenzi, and one male named Parker. Africa gives the ideal balance of heat, vegetation, and rain to keep the giraffe content for about 25 years. Their habitat is north of the elephant barn in the Animals of the Savanna area. Where Do Lemurs Live? However, this iconic species faces the biggest threats to its survival due to habitat loss, human population growth, poaching, disease, war and civil unrest. Giraffes are mostly found in East Africa and Southwestern Africa, especially Angola and Zambia. Masai Giraffes tongues are 18 inches in length and their lips are long and prehensile. It is traditionally considered to be one species, Giraffa camelopardalis, with nine subspecies. The giraffes' migration covers a range of around 20 to 30 km. This makes the African savannas the ideal climate for this animal. Geographic distribution of giraffes . However, they do not have strong social ties like other animal species, except the mothers with their offspring, since each member of the herd can leave the group at will. Because of their shrinking habitat, giraffes are pushed back to the same areas for feeding before there is a chance for food sources to replenish. “There is a whole bunch of reasons behind that,” Fennessy said. Giraffes will move to where they need to to find food. Giraffes do not live in areas dominated by moist tropical forest. Where do Giraffes Live? Their distribution includes several parts of the continent but in a very fragmented way. However, today giraffes are only found in … The largest concentration is in central eastern Africa. It goes without saying that giraffes live in hotter climates, but also, generally speaking giraffes move around according to where they can find food. Masai giraffes feed 16 – 20 hours each day. Giraffes are distributed across different parts of the continent, though you can mainly find them in the sub-Saharan regions. In fact, this is not so. Giraffes live in open habitats, such as savannas, grasslands and open woodlands because of their height and natural diet. Iggy was born on June 4, 2017 at the Virginia Zoo and Kipenzi, which means beloved or precious one in Swahili, was born on April 3, 2017 at the Toledo Zoo. They live in herds of no more than 30 individuals. During the rains, they can be found moving into deciduous woodlands. There are eleven different giraffe species and subspecies, and of course they inhabit different regions: The necessary home range for a giraffe is between eight and fifty square miles. Masai Giraffe Diet. Giraffes disappeared in Egypt around 2600 BCE, although they survived in Morocco till 600 CE. Giraffe habitat comprises dry open woodlands, savannas, and other regions where vegetation and foliage are relatively dense. Most giraffes live either in East Africa or in Angola and Zambia in southwestern Africa. Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) inhabit the savannas and open woodlands of Africa. Now that you know the answer, tell us what you like about them in the comments section and don't miss the following articles: If you want to read similar articles to Where Do Giraffes Live? Giraffes reside in savannas, open woodlands or grasslands. What is an acacia? |. Giraffes are born without horns, but in the place of their appearance, there are bunches of black hair with cartilage under them. Masai giraffes are diurnal and live in small groups. Giraffes feed on mimosas and apricot leaves besides the acacia. Giraffes live in open habitats, primarily wooded savannas and open woodlands. Their favourite grub is the acacia tree, and they use their long … In the wet season, giraffes eat deciduous trees, vines, and shrubs. The most worrying thing is that giraffe populations are far smaller than they used to be. Masai giraffes live in the Serengeti while the Nigerian giraffe is found in Western Africa. 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