Vietnam War (1954–75), conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam, the Viet Cong, against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. Although the Accords explicitly state that the 17th parallel “should not in any way be interpreted as constituting a political or territorial boundary,” it is quickly afforded exactly that status. This news sparks nationwide protests, especially on college campuses. 29 Nov 2020. The North Vietnamese suffer casualty rates approaching 60 percent, and Westmoreland sees the Tet Offensive as a sign of desperation on the part of the North. July 2, 1976: Vietnam is unified as a communist country, named the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. U.S., South Vietnam, and Allies versus North Vietnam and National Liberation Front (Viet Cong). US begins training the army of the Republic of Vietnam 1961. August On August … 1945: … On March 16, 1968, within the framework of the campaign to attack the Liberation Army of the South after the Tet Offensive, the US … Lyndon B. Johnson submits the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution to Congress. Heavy artillery in the Central Highlands of Vietnam in late-1971. Scroll through the timeline below to look at key events relating to New Zealand's participation in the Vietnam War, 1963–1975. 1956: President Diem decides against the elections required in the Geneva Accords because the North would certainly win. May 7, 1954: Ho Chi Minh’s Viet Minh forces defeat the French at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, effectively ending the 7 ½-year Indochina War. Vietnam War Timeline “An individual’s political beliefs depend on when he became politically aware.” AUTHOR UNKNOWN. Over the next 24 hours, some 7,000 Americans and South Vietnamese are flown to safety. New President Lyndon Johnson would continue the escalation of the war. January 30, 1968: The North Vietnamese join forces with the Viet Cong to launch the Tet Offensive, attacking approximately 100 South Vietnamese cities and towns. Vietnam War Timeline 1955 Nov 1 – US President Dwight Eisenhower sends the Military Assistance Advisory Group to help in the training of the South Vietnam Army. ANZUS Treaty The Australains wanted a NATO style treaty to enhance its security in the region. The Vietnam War was waged from 1954 to 1975. U.S. military personnel began to fly combat missions and accompany South Vietnamese soldiers in ground operations to find and defeat the insurgents. Ngo Dinh Diem. I don't own the original content (footage, animated maps and music), credit goes to the owners of the video and music. The first American fatality was in 1956 when an off-duty airman was shot by a colleague for talking to some children. Cold War Mandarin: Ngo Dinh Diem and the Origins of America's War in Vietnam, 1950–1963. Vietnam War – Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. The South was supported by anti-communist countries, primarily the United States. 1949: Mao Zedong's Communist Party wins the Chinese Civil War. September: French warships attack Da Nang harbour, in response to the execution of Catholic missionaries in Vietnam. September 2, 1945: Ho Chi Minh declares an independent Vietnam, called the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Vietnam Timeline BCE. June 11, 1963: Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc sets himself on fire in front of a pagoda in Saigon to protest Diem's policies. August 2 and 4, 1964: North Vietnamese attack two U.S. destroyers sitting in international waters (the Gulf of Tonkin Incident). Sep 1, 1951. November 22, 1963: President Kennedy is assassinated. October 26, 1955: South Vietnam declares itself the Republic of Vietnam, with newly-elected Ngo Dinh Diem as president. The Vietnamese War - a brief timeline. After World War II, France assumed that it would retake control of its colonial holdings in Southeast Asia - Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.The Southeast Asian people had different ideas, however. Fighting begins with French forces and the VNA. Ho Chi Minh Ignored. Find out more about the major events, places, and people … It would not end until 20 years later with the fall of Saigon to the Communists in April 1975. November 13, 1969: The American public learns of the Mai Lai massacre. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. April: New Zealand civilian surgical team arrives in Vietnam, based at Qui Nhon in Binh Dinh province ; 1964. The Vietnam War Timeline. Timeline of the Vietnam War (Second Indochina War). CBS Evening News anchor Walter Cronkite, who has just returned from Vietnam, tells viewers, “It seems now more certain than ever that the bloody experience of Vietnam is to end in a stalemate. July 1959: North Vietnam's leaders pass an ordinance calling for continued socialist revolutions in the north and south. July 11, 1959: Two off-duty U.S. military advisors, Major Dale Buis and Master Sergeant Chester Ovnand, are killed when a guerilla strike at Bienhoa struck their mess hall. France then asked the United States for aid against the Viet Minh and the United States agreed. February 1962: A U.S.-backed "strategic hamlet" program in South Vietnam forcibly relocates South Vietnamese peasants to fortified settlements. Civilian deaths total as many as 2,000,000. Timeline - NZ's Vietnam War 1963–75. March 8, 1965: The first U.S. combat troops arrive in Vietnam. September 3, 1969: Communist revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh dies at age 79. American personnel begin converging on more than a dozen assembly points throughout the city. The last U.S. military unit leaves Vietnam. June 13, 1971: Portions of the "Pentagon Papers" are published in the New York Times. This marks the beginning of the Vietnam War. 1950-1953: Communist takeover in China and the war in Korea creates concern in the West that Southeast Asia would become a dangerous Communist stronghold. March 1975: North Vietnam launches a massive assault on South Vietnam. William Calley, will be found guilty of any crime in connection with My Lai. A Program for the Pacification and Long-Term Development of Vietnam (PROVN), a study commissioned by the U.S. Army Chief of Staff, Gen. Harold K. Johnson, is published. He was a teacher in the Chicago suburbs and Seoul, South Korea, prior to joining Britannica as a freelancer in 2000. Its findings suggest that the strategy of attrition being pursued by U.S. commander Gen. William Westmoreland is counterproductive, and it recommends that more U.S. effort should be directed at ensuring the security and stability of South Vietnam’s rural population. This is the official end of the Second Indochina War/Vietnam War. 1955. 1963. There are approximately 485,000 U.S. troops in Vietnam, and over 20,000 have been killed. Daderot / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain. What follows is an accurate timeline of the events leading up to, during and following the Vietnam War. The Geneva Accords effectively divide Vietnam in two at the 17th parallel. Michel Ray earned a B.A. A plain text version of the timeline is available at the bottom of the page. Updated February 28, 2017 | Infoplease Staff. Members of the Ohio National Guard open fire on unarmed college students at Kent State University, killing four and wounding nine. May 1941: Ho Chi Minh establishes the Viet Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam). The Hong Bang Dynasty will rule for over 2500 years. Shortly before 11:00 AM, the American Radio Service network begins to broadcast the prerecorded message that the temperature in Saigon is “105 degrees and rising” followed by a 30-second excerpt from the song “White Christmas.” This signals the start of Operation Frequent Wind, the emergency evacuation of Saigon. Groups of women, children, and elderly men are shot at close range by elements of Charlie Company of the 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Infantry Brigade. December 11, 1961: American helicopters arrive at docks in South Vietnam along with 400 U.S. personnel, who will fly and maintain the aircraft. The Vietnam War … a timeline review Proxy or Hot War during the Cold War… Sacrificing Democracy for Democracy Brief Summary Following World War I, a young Vietnamese patriot named Nguyen That Thanh (later known as Ho Chi Minh) arrives at the Paris Peace Conference. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. May 4, 1970: National Guardsmen fire a barrage of tear gas into a crowd of demonstrators protesting the expansion into Cambodia on the campus of Kent State University. On January 30, 1968, the Tet Offensive was conducted throughout South Vietnam. 2500 - Rice cultivation is introduced into the region. "Statistical information about casualties of the Vietnam War". National Archives and Records Administration. 1950 President Truman sends 35-man military advisory group to aid French fighting to maintain colonial power in Vietnam. If you would like to suggest an event or date or this timeline, please contact Alpha History. Early 20th century: Nationalism begins to rise in Vietnam, along with several separate groups with different political systems. In History. Two U.S. helicopter units arrive in Saigon. Who Were the Viet Cong and How Did They Affect the War? Dates: November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975 The Vietnam War was fought between communist North Vietnam and the government of Southern Vietnam. Lyndon Johnson is said to respond, “If I’ve lost Cronkite, I’ve lost Middle America.”. May 1941: Ho Chi Minh establishes the Viet Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam). Timeline of Wars Wars of America Timeline 1959 Major Dale R. Buis and Master Sargeant Chester M. Ovnand become the first Americans to die in the Vietnam War during the guerilla strike at Bienhoa 1960 Vietcong Formed (National Liberation Front for South Vietnam) 1961 Vice President Johnson Tours Saigon 1962 Operation Chopper: America's first combat missions against the Vietcong. March 16, 1968: U.S. soldiers killed hundreds of Vietnamese civilians in the town of Mai Lai. The Vietnam War itself began in 1954 when the U.S. and other members of the Southeast Asia Treat Organization were drawn into the conflict. The war ended when Saigon fell to the Communists in April 1975. In this general offensive, the South Vietnamese liberation army captured many important bases in Saigon like the US Embassy, radio station. Timeline of the Vietnam War (Second Indochina War), Top Essentials to Know About the Vietnam War, Biography of Ho Chi Minh, President of North Vietnam. The following morning, North Vietnamese troops enter downtown Saigon and the South Vietnamese government surrenders unconditionally. 1862: Vietnam became part of the French Empire . 1200 - Bronze casting and irrigation is introduced. When Did the U.S. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The antiwar demonstrations represent the largest public protests in U.S. history to date. July 1969: President Nixon orders the first of many U.S. troop withdrawals from Vietnam. Vietnam Timeline During the fall of 1949, communists took control over China and Americans began to start worrying about Communism spreading throughout Asia. Dec 19, 2019. The Vietnam War was one of several conflicts that began with the struggle over Indochina to overthrow the French colonial forces. This view is increasingly at odds with that of the American public. Ho Chi Minh announces independence. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. Representatives of South Vietnamese communist forces, North Vietnam, South Vietnam, and the United States conclude the Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Viet-Nam in Paris. June 8, 1956: The first official American fatality is Air Force Technical Sergeant Richard B. Fitzgibbon, Jr., murdered by another American airman as he was talking with local children. Ngo Dinh Diem is assassinated by his own generals as part of a coup d’état that is carried out with the tacit support of U.S. officials. Approximately 23,000 U.S. troops are in Vietnam, and roughly 400 have been killed. Timeline of the Vietnam War. 1054 - The Late Hong Bang period begins. Citation: C N Trueman "Timeline of the Vietnam War" historylearningsite.co.uk. Kennedy sends Green Berets to aid the South Vietnamese 1962. U.S. troops are to be withdrawn within 60 days and the 17th parallel will remain the dividing line until the country can be reunited by “peaceful means.”. Key events in the background to the Vietnam war: 1945 - Viet Minh - a broad front of Vietnamese patriots and nationalists controlled by the Communist Party - seize power. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. U.S. Congressional Quarterlies were used for most of the Congressional references. Vietnam War Timeline Timeline Description: The Vietnam War was a long battle over North Vietnam's attempts to make all of Vietnam a communist nation and the United States' attempt to stop it. Vietnam War Timeline for kids: Dates and Events Our i nteresting Vietnam War Timeline continues with more facts for kids that are detailed below. Find out more about the major events, places, and people involved in this great conflict. In November 1974 Calley will be released on parole after serving just three and a half years under house arrest. April 30, 1970: President Nixon announces that U.S. troops will attack enemy locations in Cambodia. The incident catalyzes the growing antiwar movement. August 7, 1964: In response to the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. 1858-1884: France invades Vietnam and makes Vietnam a colony. The attacks, which eschew the guerrilla tactics traditionally employed by North Vietnamese forces, play directly to American and South Vietnamese strengths. The journalist's photo of the death is published worldwide as "The Ultimate Protest.". The resolution authorizes the president to “take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States.” Although the captain of the Maddox urged caution, suggesting that the August 4 attack had been conjured from the imaginations of overeager or inexperienced sonar operators (an assessment that will ultimately prove correct), Congress overwhelmingly passes the resolution. December 19, 1946: All-out war breaks out between France and the Viet Minh, signaling the start of the First Indochina War. B.A., History, University of California at Davis. January 1961: John F. Kennedy takes office as the President of the United States and begins to escalate American involvement in Vietnam. April 30, 1975: Saigon falls and South Vietnam surrenders to the communists. Previous Next . In over a decade of fighting, some 58,000 U.S. troops have been killed. The Vietnam War pitted communist North Vietnam and the Viet Cong against South Vietnam and the United States. Vietnam War Timeline. Four U.S. Presidents oversaw the Vietnam War: Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon. The Saigon Military Mission, a covert operation to conduct psychological warfare and paramilitary activities in South Vietnam, is launched under the command of U.S. Air Force Col. Edward Lansdale. Vietnam war survivors of South Korean massacres tell their stories in new documentary Untold by Korean filmmaker Lee-kil Bora – whose grandfather fought in the conflict – … 1946 - French forces attack Viet Minh in Haiphong in November sparking the war of resistance against France.. 1950 - Democratic Republic of Vietnam is recognised by China and USSR. Responding to American President Woodrow Wilson's promise of "self-determination" for nations, Thanh hopes to free Vietnam from French colonial rule. July 1968: General William Westmoreland, who had been in charge of the U.S. troops in Vietnam, is replaced by General Creighton Abrams. 1912 - The Middle Hong Bang period begins. A support agreement, meaning one would have to come to the others aid if needed. Four students are killed. The accords call for free elections in 1956. 1941: Vietminh formed to counter Japanese invasion of Vietnam . The history is told in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the history and the important events and people who feature in the History Timeline. It was part of a larger regional conflict as well as a manifestation of the Cold War. November 2, 1963: South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem is executed during a coup. At the time of its publication, PROVN is largely dismissed by U.S. commanders. Vietnam War: A timeline of U.S. entanglement. 2879 - The Hong Bang Dynasty begins when the first Hung King unites the tribes under one rule. After France's defeat by the Vietnamese in the First Indochina War, the U.S. became embroiled in a second war, which Americans call the Vietnam War. Archived from the original on 26 January 2010. The United States entered Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Vietnam War Timeline created by 23klovasow. 1847: France sends warships to Vietnam to protect Christians from the ruling emperor, Gia Long. Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund | 1235 South Clark Street, Suite 910 | Arlington VA 22202 | 202.393.0090 The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization. The Vietnam War (also known as the Second Indochina War and the American War in Viet Nam) was an outgrowth of conflicts between the colonizing French forces in Vietnam supported by Bao Dai's Vietnamese National Army (VNA) and the communist forces led by Ho Chi Minh (the Viet Minh) and Vo Nguyen Giap. They are better known to their enemies as the Vietnamese Communists, or Viet Cong for short. To say that we are closer to victory today is to believe, in the face of the evidence, the optimists who have been wrong in the past.” U.S. Pres. Viet Minh troops under Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap overrun the French base at Dien Bien Phu. At this point approximately 16,000 U.S. military personnel are in Vietnam, and 200 have been killed. Fighting begins with French forces and the VNA. Roughly 335,000 U.S. troops are in Vietnam, and approximately 50,000 have been killed. ISBN 0-7425-4447-8. 1890: Ho Chi Minh was born . Known as the Second Indochina War, the Vietnam War officially began when the U.S. got involved in 1954. Year Event; 1954 The Battle of Dien Bien Phu – Giap defeats the French force based there. December 20, 1960: The insurgents in South Vietnam are formally established as the National Liberation Front (PLF). During the Vietnamese New Year holiday of Tet, North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces begin an offensive that will eventually hurl some 85,000 troops against five major cities, dozens of military installations, and scores of towns and villages throughout South Vietnam. May 7, 1954: The French suffer a decisive defeat at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Cambodia and Laos receive their independence. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Vietnam War - Australia's Involvement Timeline created by alonzom. Vietnamese casualties include more than 200,000 South Vietnamese troops and more than 1,000,000 North Vietnamese soldiers and Viet Cong irregulars. September 1940: Japan invades Vietnam. in history from Michigan State University in 1995. Vietnam War Timeline – Tet Offensive. Share: Copy Link. 1930: Ho Chi Minh helped to form the Indo-Chinese Communist Party . July 21, 1954: The Geneva Accords creates a ceasefire for the peaceful withdrawal of the French from Vietnam and provides a temporary boundary between North and South Vietnam at the 17th parallel. There are approximately 185,000 U.S. service members in Vietnam, and more than 2,700 have been killed. The stunning victory by Vietnamese forces brings an end to nearly a century of French colonial rule in Indochina. September 2, 1945: Ho Chi Minh declares an independent Vietnam, called the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. 1962 United States, Government (2010). EIN: 52-1149668 Vietnam War timeline – 1968 to 1970 This Vietnam War timeline has been compiled by Alpha History authors. Outlined below is a political “time line” of the United States involvement in Indochina. Attempts to cover up the massacre begin almost before the shooting stops, and only one American, Charlie Company’s 1st Platoon commander, Lieut. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Hired as... How Do You Tell the Difference Between Total, Annular, Solar, and Lunar Eclipses? January 1950: The Viet Minh receive military advisors and weapons from China. Two Days in October | Timeline Timeline: Vietnam War and Protests From the Collection: Vietnam War. The History Learning Site, 27 Mar 2015. Many of the mission’s ongoing efforts are directed at supporting the regime of South Vietnamese Pres. The Viet Cong insurgency expanded in South Vietnam in 1962. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. October 1930: Ho Chi Minh helps found the Indochinese Communist Party. March 2, 1965: A sustained U.S. aerial bombing campaign of North Vietnam begins (Operation Rolling Thunder). Millions of people across the United States take to the streets to protest the continued U.S. involvement in Vietnam. July 1950: The U.S. pledges $15 million worth of military aid to France to help its troops fight in Vietnam. March 1972: The North Vietnamese cross the demilitarized zone (DMZ) at the 17th parallel to attack South Vietnam in what became known as the Easter Offensive. Following World War I, a young Vietnamese patriot named Nguyen That Thanh (later known as Ho Chi Minh) arrives at the Paris Peace Conference. January 27, 1973: The Paris Peace Accords are signed and create a ceasefire. Ngo’s autocratic and violent excesses when dealing with South Vietnam’s majority Buddhist population led the U.S. to withdraw its patronage of him. November 13, 1982: The Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. is dedicated. March 29, 1973: The last U.S. troops are withdrawn from Vietnam. After commanders reported a North Vietnamese torpedo boat attack on the U.S. destroyers Maddox and Turner Joy in the Gulf of Tonkin, U.S. Pres. As many as 500 unarmed villagers are killed by U.S. Army troops in the hamlet of My Lai. The North was supported by communist countries such as the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. 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